In France, courses are evaluated on a scale of 20. 20 is the best result possible (very exceptional in France) while 0 is the worst result possible. 10 or more is generally required for a course to be validated.
An ECTS grading is associated to the classical French grading systems. The equivalence is the following:
Grade on a scale of 20
ECTS equivalent grade
Very good result
Second Chance exams
If a course is not validated (Grade F) after completion of the semester, a second exam can be taken by the student approximately 1 or 2 months after the end of the course. If this second exam is a success, the course will be validated and the ECTS earned.